Scientists discover most distant super massive black hole

Scientists discover most distant super massive black hole

It's a glimpse into what the earliest universe was like.

"It's very puzzling", Robert Simcoe from Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, who was a coauthor on the research, said in a statement Wednesday.

The new black hole's mass, calculated after more observations, adds to an existing problem.

Black holes are a big mystery.

Scientists can now estimate when stars first began to light up the cosmic universe, thanks to the discovery of a supermassive black hole, NPR reports.

The newly discovered quasar hails from the time of reionization, when light from the earliest stars and galaxies exited neutral hydrogen gas atoms, causing them to ionize, or lose an electron. This shift from neutral to ionized hydrogen represented a fundamental change in the universe that has persisted to this day. This black hole was seen devouring material at the center of a galaxy. As more stars formed from the remains of first-generation stars, they became "polluted" with heavier elements and in turn produce even heavier elements when they explode in supernovae.

Simcoe and postdoc Monica L. Turner are the MIT co-authors of a paper detailing the results, published today in the journal Nature. Carnegie Institution for Science. The researchers also show that the black hole already weighed a hard-to-explain 780 million times the mass of the sun.

More news: John Mayer 'in good spirits' while recovering from emergency surgery

This quasar was first identified in data from NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) program, then studied in closer detail by scientists using Carnegie Observatories' Magellan telescopes in Chile. FIRE is a spectrometer that classifies objects based on their infrared spectra. In the coming years, astronomers hope to find more.

No one's sure exactly how those processes might happen, but researchers plan to look for more, similar deep-space objects to test their theories. After hundreds of millions of years, young stars or quasars emitted enough light to strip the electrons back off these atoms, dissipating the cosmic fog like mist at dawn.

Scientists were surprised by the black hole's tremendous mass, 800 million times the mass of the sun.

Distant quasars are valuable sources of information about the early universe. As the universe expanded in size, those particles cooled down, and as they did they formed into a neutral hydrogen gas during which it was completely dark. The ionization of the cosmos' gas allowed light to move more freely through space.

But now that they have found one nestled inside a quasar, there could be dozens more of these ancient and massive objects in the skies around us. Nearly all the hydrogen atoms we've observed in intergalactic space have lost their electrons, giving them a positive charge. "We now have the most accurate measurements to date of when the first stars were turning on". This means that the early universe likely was conducive to the quick formation of supermassive black holes; our current universe isn't, and black holes are generally much smaller.

An artist's impression of the supermassive black hole.

The quasar formed when the universe was just 690 million years old.

Related Articles

  • Ryan Reynolds To Star In 'Pokemon' Movie 'Detective Pikachu'

    Reynolds, however, is set to return as the trash-talking superhero in " Deadpool 2 ", expected to be released on June 1 next year. Legendary's live-action Pokémon movie, Detective Pikachu , has been charging full-steam ahead in the past month.

    Record-setting 17-foot python caught in Florida Everglades

    A snake measuring more than 17 feet and bagged last week is the longest ever caught in Florida's Python Elimination Program . Snake hunter Jason Leon spotted the enormous reptile at around 2.45am on Friday morning, according to the Miami Herald .
    Mariners and Angels add $1M apiece from Twins to pursue Shohei Ohtani

    Mariners and Angels add $1M apiece from Twins to pursue Shohei Ohtani

    The move gives the Mariners $2.55 million available to give the highly coveted Ohtani, while the Angels now have $2.315 million. Due to his age, Ohtani can only sign a minor league contract and is subject to the global bonus pool.
  • Keyboard maker AI.type exposes 31M customer records in latest database breach

    Keyboard maker AI.type exposes 31M customer records in latest database breach

    The data leak, according to the researchers, only affects the app on Android and not iOS , so iPhone users can keep feeling smug. The seven-year-old company also claims that anything typed using its keyboards "stays encrypted and private".
    Huawei P11 camera specs leak

    Huawei P11 camera specs leak

    The ads were posted by known mobile tipster Evan Blass, who claims they're from a creative agency that works with Huawei . Now new reports have surfaced online that Huawei may launch a photography-centric smartphone series in the coming weeks.
    Russian Federation  voices regret at Olympic ban

    Russian Federation voices regret at Olympic ban

    Whether or not they compete under their own flag, ski jumping and Nordic combined seem unlikely to result in any medals for Russians.
  • EU's Moscovici says expects adoption of blacklist of 20 #TaxHavens

    Besides the 17 countries that are placed on the blacklist, 47 countries were placed on a so-called "grey-list". But some countries, including France, have said that listed jurisdictions should also face sanctions.
    Akash Dadlani Fails To Make Arshi Khan And Shilpa Shinde Patch Up

    Akash Dadlani Fails To Make Arshi Khan And Shilpa Shinde Patch Up

    Arshi tells Luv that he is lucky as he has been saved umpteen number of times despite considered to be a weak contestant. The contestants were supposed to take care of their baby contestants and reserve a parking space in the garden area.
    Chelsea boss Antonio Conte: 'Cesc Fabregas changed my mind about him'

    Chelsea boss Antonio Conte: 'Cesc Fabregas changed my mind about him'

    However, he says he doesn't feel his age. "What is 30? Nothing", said Fabregas. He knows exactly what I can give to the team". Especially how I play, the position I play.
  • Google Shares Canada's Top YouTube Videos of 2017

    Wojcicki said the company will apply lessons learned from combating violent and extremist videos to other "problematic" videos. As of this year, YouTube is the most popular streaming service in the world, with over 1 billion users worldwide .
    Wal Mart Stores Incorporated (NYSE:WMT) Has Decline in Shorts

    Wal Mart Stores Incorporated (NYSE:WMT) Has Decline in Shorts

    Relative volume is the comparison of current volume to average volume for the same time of day, and it's displayed as a ratio. Arthur Zaske & Associates LLC purchased a new stake in Wal-Mart Stores during the third quarter worth approximately $303,000.
    Citing volatile value, Steam drops Bitcoin support

    Citing volatile value, Steam drops Bitcoin support

    There are some major companies , such as Microsoft and DISH, accepting bitcoin payment, but few others have followed suit. Valve's shirking of bitcoin is another development in a broader debate about the usefulness of the cryptocurrency.